The main objective of the Potsdam Conference was to conclude a post-war settlement and put into practice all the things agreed at Kanta. While the Kanta meeting had been reasonably friendly, the Potsdam conference was marred by differences of opinion resulting from some important changes since the Von Yalta conference. The Potsdam meeting was the third conference between the leaders of the three great nations. The Soviet Union was represented by Joseph Stalin, Britain by Winston Churchill and the United States by President Harry S. Truman. It was Truman`s first big three encounter. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who died in April 1945, participated in the first two conferences, in Tehran in 1943 and in Kanta in 1945. The Potsdam conference was after the Yalta conference. The Potsdam took place in August 1945. Very little was agreed in Potsdam. The three leaders of the time had a lot of disagreements: to remember the things discussed at each conference, use the Mnemonik PEER At the Potsdam meeting, the most urgent theme was the fate of post-war Germany.
The Soviets wanted a united Germany, but they also insisted that Germany be completely disarmed. Truman, along with a growing number of American officials, had deep suspicions about Soviet intentions in Europe. The massive Soviet army already occupied much of Eastern Europe. A strong Germany could be the only obstacle to Soviet domination over all of Europe. In the end, the Big Three agreed to divide Germany into three occupation zones (one for each nation) and to postpone discussions on German reunification to a later date. The other remarkable subject in Potsdam was a practically tacit subject. When he arrived at the conference, Truman was informed that the United States had successfully tested the first atomic bomb. Hoping to use the weapon as a means of exerting pressure against the Soviets in the post-war world, Truman incidentally told Stalin that America was now in possession of a monstrous destructive weapon.
The president was disappointed when the Soviet leader simply replied that he hoped the United States would use it to quickly end the war with Japan. The Potsdam conference ended in the dark. Once this was over, Truman had become even more convinced that he should pursue a tough policy toward the Soviets. Stalin had become more convinced that the United States and Britain had conspired against the Soviet Union. .