The advantages and disadvantages of free trade agreements affect employment, business growth and living standards: “tariffs” refer to taxation by type of goods applied to each import and export. The impact of tariffs on costs is so great that companies cannot ignore them (see figure below). For example, if the pre-tax profit is ten times higher than the import price (for example. B, the price of logistics under CAF conditions), a 3% reduction in customs fees has the same cash effect as a 30% reduction in corporate tax. The impact of tariffs can be large enough to immediately negate the profits made through careful marketing and efforts to improve operations. Despite all the advantages of a free trade area, there are also some corresponding disadvantages, notably: the European Union is today a remarkable example of free trade. Member countries form an essentially borderless entity for trade purposes, and the introduction of the euro by most of these countries continues to lead the way. It should be noted that this system is regulated by a Brussels-based bureaucracy, which has to deal with the many trade-related issues that arise between representatives of the Member States. Outsourcing jobs in developing countries can become a trend with a free trade area. Because there are no occupational health and safety laws in many countries, workers can be forced to work in unhealthy and low-quality work environments.
Overall, these agreements mean that about half of all goods entering the U.S. are duty-free, according to government figures. The average import duty on industrial goods is 2%. A free trade area (FTA) refers to a specific region in which a group of countries in that region signs an agreement that seals economic cooperation between them. The main objectives of the free trade agreement are to reduce trade barriers, especially tariffs and import quotas Import quotas. In general, such quotas are introduced to protect domestic industry and vulnerable producers, and to promote free trade in goods and services among member countries. Reality: U.S. trade deficits are generally good for Americans. John Maynard Keynes. Keynes was generally free trade and supported the logic of specialization John Maynard Keynes The Economic Consequences of Peace (1920) Although it is useful to consider Keynes, Keynes fluctuated in free trade in certain circumstances when there is fierce competition, countries will tend to produce more products or goods where they are most efficient. This is because they take less time and their performance is higher.
This view was first popular in 1817 by the economist David Ricardo in his book On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation. He argued that free trade expands diversity and lowers the prices of goods available in a country while making better use of its resources, knowledge and specialized skills. In addition to the benefits for consumers who import goods, companies exporting goods where the UK has a comparative advantage will also see a significant improvement in economic prosperity. .