This bilateral agreement with the DOF is one of four new five-year Philippine government agreements with USAID in 2020, with an expected total value of 32.7 billion php ($675 million) over a total value of five years. Among the other new agreements, there was broad consensus among powerful nations that the failure of exchange rate coordination during the interwar period had exacerbated political tensions. This facilitated the decisions of the Bretton Woods conference. In addition, all the Bretton Woods governments agreed that the monetary chaos of the interwar period had brought some valuable lessons. Post-war global capitalism suffered from a huge shortage of dollars. The U.S. had huge trade surpluses and U.S. reserves were huge and growing. It was necessary to reverse this river. Although all nations wanted to buy U.S. exports, the dollars had to leave the United States and be available for international use so that they could do so.
In other words, the United States should reverse global prosperity imbalances by chartering a trade deficit financed by the U.S. outfed of reserves to other nations (a deficit in the U.S. fiscal balance). The United States could have a financial deficit, either by building plants, or by building plants, or by foreign nations. Remember that speculative investments were discouraged by the Bretton Woods agreement. Imports from other nations were not attractive in the 1950s because American technology was up to date at that time. This is how multinationals and global aid from the United States originated.  In 1960, Robert Triffin, a Belgian-American economist, noted that the maintenance of the dollar was more valuable than gold, because constant deficits in the U.S.
balance of payments helped maintain the liquid system and stimulate economic growth. What was later heralded as Triffin`s dilemma was predicted when Triffin realized that if the U.S. failed to maintain its deficits, lose its liquidity, the system would not be able to keep up with global economic growth and thus shut down the system.