Scientists working in the field of biodiversity and medical research fear that the Nagoya Protocol is counterproductive and hinders disease prevention and preservation efforts and that the risk of scientists` detention will have a deterrent effect on research.  Researchers and non-commercial institutions, such as natural history museums, are concerned that maintaining reference biological collections will become difficult and that the exchange of materials between institutions will be difficult and medical researchers have expressed concern about plans to expand the protocol to make it illegal to exchange genetic information publicly. By. B example, on GenBank.  New Zealand`s work in the CBD is listed on the New Zealand page of the CBD website. These include information on our national biodiversity strategy and action plan, measures to achieve Achi`s biodiversity targets by 2020 and other ongoing biodiversity activities in New Zealand. Australia recently reformed our national biodiversity strategy and action plan to prepare a new global biodiversity strategy after 2020. Australia`s Nature 2019-2030 strategy and its new digital platform, Nature Hub of Australia, have been developed jointly by the Australian government, all state and territory governments and the Australian Local Government Association. The Matauranga Kura Taiao Fund supports tangata whenua initiatives in traditional knowledge and Maori practices in biodiversity management. The convention was opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro on 5 June 1992 and came into force on 29 December 1993. It has two complementary agreements, the Cartagena Protocol and the Nagoya Protocol.
The Convention (adopted in 1982) recognized for the first time, under international law, that the preservation of biodiversity is « a common concern of humanity ». The agreement applies to all ecosystems, species and genetic resources. New Zealand`s National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan express New Zealand`s commitment to reducing biodiversity loss around the world. National strategies and action plans for biodiversity are the main instruments for implementing the convention at the national level. The Convention requires countries to develop a national biodiversity strategy and to ensure that it is integrated into business planning in all areas where diversity may be compromised. By early 2012, 173 contracting parties had developed NBSAPs.  Convention on Biological Diversity, also known as the Biodiversity Treaty, an international treaty to promote biodiversity conservation and ensure sustainable use and equitable use of genetic resources. Work on the treaty concluded in Nairobi in May 1992 with the adoption of the Nairobi Final Act by the Nairobi conference adopting the agreed text of the Convention on Biological Diversity.