London, which received the worst of what the air force could throw at the country, would have retained architectural treasures such as the Great Synagogue, Holland House, the Carlton Hotel and a plethora of magnificent churches designed by Sir Christopher Wren. No one should have been turned on when the lights came on in London – as a popular song of the time announced – because those lights would never have been turned off in advance and the darkened curtains would never have been drawn. So what would have happened in this alternative reality? It is likely that there were no invasions in France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark or Norway. There would have been no Dunkirk or a battle of Great Britain. No myths of small ships and victories snatched from the pines of defeat, no standing alone, no better hours… No Churchill as Prime Minister, either. The American historian William L. Shirer estimated in his « Rise and Fall of the Third Reich » (1960) that Czechoslovakia, although Hitler was not bluffing about its intention to invade, could have resisted considerably. Shirer believed that Britain and France had sufficient air defence to avoid severe bombing of London and Paris, and could have waged a swift and fruitful war against Germany.  He quotes Churchill as saying that the agreement means that « Britain and France are in a much worse position than Hitler`s Germany. »  After personally inspecting the Czech fortifications, Hitler privately told Joseph Goebbels that « we shed a lot of blood » and that it was fortunate that there had been no fighting.  Czechoslovakia was informed by Great Britain and France that it could either oppose Nazi Germany alone or submit to the prescribed annexations. The Czechoslovakian government single-purposely acknowledged the desperation of the fight against the Nazis, reluctantly capitulated (30 September) and agreed to abide by the agreement.
The colony gave Germany, from 10 October, the Sudetenland and de facto control of the rest of Czechoslovakia as long as Hitler promised not to go any further. On 30 September, after some time off, Chamberlain went to Hitler`s house and asked him to sign a peace treaty between the United Kingdom and Germany. After Hitler`s interpreter translated it for him, he was glad to have accepted it. The Munich Agreement (Czech: Mnichovska dohoda); in Slovak: Mnechovska dohoda; in German: Munchner Abkommen) or Munchner Verrat (Czech: Mnichovska zrada; The Slovak: Mnechovska zrada) was an agreement reached on 30 September 1938 in Munich by Nazi Germany, the United Kingdom, the Third French Republic and the Kingdom of Italy. It granted Germany the « transfer of the German territory of the Sudetenland » from Czechoslovakia.  Most of Europe celebrated the agreement because it prevented the war threatened by Adolf Hitler by allowing the annexation of the Sudetenland by Nazi Germany, a region of Western Czechoslovakia inhabited by more than 3 million people, mainly German-speaking. Hitler declared that this was his last territorial claim in Europe, and the choice seemed to lie between war and appeasement. In exchange for peacekeeping, the British and French forced the Czechs to cede the Sudetenland to Nazi Germany. The political concept behind this solution is appeasement – the theory that major problems on the street avoid giving an angry party some of what it wants. Chamberlain triumphantly returned to London and proclaimed that the Munich Agreement guaranteed « peace in our time. » The Munich quotation in foreign policy debates is also common in the 21st century.  During negotiations on the Iran nuclear deal by Secretary of State John Kerry, a Republican representative from Texas called the negotiations « worse than Munich. »