General Agreement Betekenis

In the end, tariffs fell by 35%, with the exception of textiles, chemicals, steel and other sensitive products; In addition to a 15% to 18% reduction in tariffs on agricultural and food products. In addition, the chemical negotiations resulted in an interim agreement on the abolition of the US selling price (ASP). This was a method of assessing certain chemicals used by these countries for the institution of import duties, which gave domestic producers a much higher level of protection than indicated under tariff conditions. The Uruguay Round Agricultural Agreement remains the most important agreement in the history of trade negotiations for the liberalisation of agricultural trade. The aim of the agreement was to improve market access for agricultural products, reduce national aid to agriculture in the form of price-distorting subsidies and quotas, eliminate agricultural export subsidies over time and harmonize health and plant health measures among Member States as much as possible. 1967 traf werd round besloten afspraken `ber handel ter waarde van zo`n 40 miljard dollar in een gemiddelde heffingsvermindering van 38%. Ook were anti-dumping opgenomas. From verlagingen betroffen vooral of sectoren chemie, paper pulp, machines in transportmiddelen. De landbouw war uiteindelijk echter grotendeels buiten schot gebleven, net als katoen, kleding, staal en ijzer. From onderhandelingen waren mede moeizaam verlopen doordat de nodige Europese landen preferente handelsovereenkomsten aangingen met voormalige kolonién, zoals de Overeenkomst van Yaoundé tussen de EEG en 18 voormalige Fransse kolonién. Ontwikkelingslanden die buiten deze overeenkomst viele, vroegen ook om een preferredentiéle behandeling. Dit werd in deze ronde niet meegenomen, maar 1968 vastgelegd in het algemeen preferentieel systemeem (APS, of generalized system of preferences, APSP) van UNCTAD. Voor ontwikkelingslanden war in de zesde ronde vooral van belang dat er werd vastgesteld dat zij niet wederkerig hoefden te zijn.

Zij kwamen dan ook maar in zeer beperkte mate puts heffingsverminderingen. [1]183-185, 208 When the Dillon cycle went through the laborious process of collective bargaining by post, it became apparent, well before the end of the cycle, that a more comprehensive approach was needed to address the emerging challenges arising from the creation of the European Economic Community (EEC) and EFTA, as well as the re-emergence of Europe as major international distributors in general. Following the UK`s vote to leave the European Union, proponents of leaving the European Union proposed that Article 24, paragraph 5B of the treaty could be used to maintain a « stalemate » in trade conditions between the UK and the EU if the UK left the EU without a trade deal, thereby preventing the imposition of tariffs. Proponents of this approach believe that it could be used to implement an interim agreement until a final agreement of up to ten years is negotiated. [25] Among the original GATT members, Syria[19][20], Lebanon[21] and the SFR-Yugoslavia have not re-joined the WTO. Given that Yugoslavia (renamed in Serbia and Montenegro and later two shared accession negotiations) is not recognised as a direct successor to the SFRY; Therefore, its application is considered new (non-GATT).

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